Hobbit folklore is a very curious layer of their culture, giving an insight into the race’s beliefs, views of the world, fears and ways of storytelling. Among the usually light-hearted, simple tales, there can be found some truly creepy oddities, which is rather peculiar for the quiet hobbit folk most of whom will not come within gunshot of anyone smelling even faintly of adventure. Despite looking like spooky tales to give hobbit children nightmares and keep them clean of any unwholesome, disreputable (in the hobbits’ opinion) spots after dark, they may as well be based on real places or creatures inhabiting Middle-earth, albeit largely unseen by the general public. One of such tales is about the Mewlips. Written in verse form, it is one of the creepiest stories of hobbit folklore.
The poem does not tell directly what the Mewlips are or where exactly they dwell. It can be gathered, though, that these creatures prefer shadowy cellars, somewhere near or with shallow water, like pools or ponds, or in marshy lands. One thing that especially strikes about their dwelling place is its uncanny stillness: there seem to be hardly any noises and hardly any light. “Sunless and moonless”, the Mewlips dwell by the dark pool livened up by neither tide, nor wind. Everything in their lair is damp, dank, wet, unwholesome. But in a way the scarceness of light and sound might be a blessing in disguise as when you do hear something, you would rather wish you had not.
All the noises heard deepen the atmosphere of the dismal gloom inhabiting the dreary place together with the Mewlips. The ceiling drips, the gorcrows utter occasional croaks in their sleep and the “grinning gargoyles“, if any of the “noisome water” comes through them, are likely to make a very unpleasant gurgling sound in their stone throats — the very one which gave them their name. While water can sound calming and nice, in the Mewlips’ dwelling place we see the worst sonic manifestations of its voice: dripping, gurgling, pouring. As for the light, the only one that can be seen is that of a “sickly candle” in which the Mewlips count their gold, and that stands for scarcely any light at all.
Everywhere near and around the Mewlips there are signs of decay, beginning with the “mouldy valley” with grey trees or “spider-shadows” leading to their hiding place, the “rotting river-strand“, and finishing with the dampness of their abodes, the deadly, cold, quiet eeriness of it and, most likely, a very unpleasant watery smell. The willows, surrounded by the darkness and shadows, are drooping and weeping, lifeless and limp.
The inhabitants themselves are very much fitting for their dwellings. They have “feeling fingers” and move softly with the “squish-flap-flip”. This description sound-imitates their movements with that unpleasant sound of walking in thick mud and maybe even a trifle bit haltingly as flap-flip sounds less regular than flip-flap. Everything about the Mewlips’ soft movements is sly and coy with a very ominous edge: they are secretive, dangerous, barely seen and heard. These creatures choose peeping out instead of looking and sidling instead of walking. These ways are enough to show the Mewlips as very cunning predators easily devouring any travellers unfortunate to have wandered into their lands and straight to their dinner table. The only memorial of the once travellers would be their bones that the Mewlips keep in the sack after their feast is over.
The structure of the poem itself reminds of a narrow valley ending in an overflowing pool, with the lines getting longer and the rhythm changing from a rather abrupt, like timid tentative steps through an unfamiliar territory, to the more prolonged and steady. It almost imitates the way to the Mewlips’ dwelling in its structure, while the ominous warning hangs in every word of the tale: beware, traveller, you might never come back once you come near the Mewlips:
Beyond the Merlock Mountains, a long and lonely road,
Through the spider-shadows and the marsh of Tode,
And through the wood of hanging trees and the gallowsweed,
You go to find the Mewlips—and the Mewlips feed.
(Adventures of Tom Bombadil, pp. 86-87)
Note from this world:
In the world outside Middle-earth the poem about the Mewlips is covered in mystery. Tolkien is believed to have written it around 1927, and ten years later it was published as Knocking at the Door in The Oxford Magazine under the pseudonym Oxymore. Its subtitle Lines Induced by Sensation When Waiting for an Answer at the Door of an Exalted Academic Person might be hinting at the poem’s being the satire of the academic life. The poem was rewritten for the 1962 collection The Adventures of Tom Bombadil where it appeared under the name The Mewlips. A letter from Tolkien to Rayner Unwin from February 1962  shows that it was one of the last poems the Professor chose for the collection. John Rateliff suggests in The History of the Hobbit that Tolkien might have wanted to arrange an encounter for Bilbo and the Dwarves with something unpleasant in the Long Marshes, the unpleasantness probably being the Mewlips. Mr Rateliff draws this conclusion off Tolkien’s notes where raftsmen speak about people and animals disappearing as they are passing by the Long Marshes (and marshy lands seem to be rather beloved by the evil creatures in question). Tolkien might have changed his mind, though, as in a letter from February 1963 to a Miss Allen  the Mewlips are said by Tolkien himself to be imaginary creatures of the hobbit folklore showing their taste for macabre tales.
The creatures’ image, dwellings and habits bring associations with Gollum and thus make them reminiscent of him, though they are far from being the same thing. While the places mentioned in the poem are similar to some of the dreariest spots in Middle-earth and can be seen as references to the likes of the Misty Mountains, Mirkwood, the Old Forest or even the Dead Marshes, it does not seem to be following any known paths of Middle-earth: none of the names from the poem could be found in relation to Middle-earth, so it would be probably safe to say that the poem is a piece of folklore within the secondary world of Arda.
 The Adventure of Tom Bombadil (p. 214)
 ibid. (p. 213)
- J. R. R. Tolkien – The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and Other Verses from the Red Book (edited by Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond); HarperCollinsPublishers; London; 2014.
- John. D. Rateliff – The History of the Hobbit; HarperCollinsPublishers; London; 2011 (E-book edition)
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